New perspectives and questions for forestry research in Central Europe
III joint seminar VÚLHM (FGMRI) and SBS – this time in Orlické hory
For the third time already, the staff of the Forestry and Game Management Research Institute and the Competence Center of the Saxon State Forests met at a joint seminar. Historically, there has been a long-term cooperation between these research institutions, especially in the area of the Ore Mountains in connection with the health status of forests and immission calamity.
The current time brings problems and topics for forestry research that are similar in the all Central European area and which solution requires close international cooperation. The joint seminar was the third one – after previous meetings in Most (2017) and Wermsdorf (2019). This year’s meeting took place in Deštné in Orlické hory Mountains on 21-22 September 2022.
During the seminar, a total of 19 expert contributions were presented in the field of forest ecology, forest genetics and forest tree species reproductive material, forest protection, hunting and silviculture.
The needs of forestry were discussed with regard to the climate change manifestations, which significantly affect the state of health, production and silviculture prospects of the main economic tree species, as well as the increased need for reproductive material in terms of quantity, species spectrum, genetic diversity and quality after the bark beetle calamity, the issue of new kinds of pests in the forest protection and high levels of ungulate game.
Also, the attention was paid to the soil condition and the possibilities of their revitalization, including aerial liming. For the field of applied forestry research, the representatives of both institutions consider the early definition of new priorities, the quick and understandable transfer of the acquired knowledge towards forestry practice and their verification within the framework of long-term semi-operational experiments and research trials, as a basic assumption.
Ass. Prof. Vít Šrámek and Dr. Dirk Roger Eisenhauer, representatives of FGMRI (VÚLHM) and Competence Cente (Kompetenzzentrum) SBS, signed cooperation agreement between these two institutions, at the end of the meeting,
The second day was dedicated to an excursion in the Orlické hory (Eagle) Mountains, where the participants visited the intensive monitoring area of ICP Forests Luisino údolí Valley, research facilities in the catchment „U Dvou louček“ and semi-operational experiments on property of Jan Kolowrat Krakowský.
Documents to be downloaded
- Measurement of snow characteristics in the mountains (Ondřej Špulák)
- ArcheoForest – analysis of historical and archeological data sources for the evaluation of tree species occurrence models (Anke Exner, Paul Gebert, Sven Martens)
- Tree-ring analysis shows a remarkable regenerative capacity and drought resistance of Silver fir (Monika Vejpustková, Tomáš Čihák)
- Forest soil condition, nutrition supply and health state of young Norway spruce stands in the Eagle Mts. (Orlické hory) during 2002–2018 period (Radek Novotný, Věra Fadrhonsová, Vít Šrámek)
- Establishment of seed orchards for admixed and rare deciduous tree species – a field of future cooperation? (Heino Wolf)
- Towards the activities of the Department of Forest Tree Species Biology and Breeding (Josef Frýdl, Petr Novotný, Pavlína Máchová, Helena Cvrčková, Martina Komárková)
- Research on drought and frost hardiness of provenances, progenies and clones as base for the adaptation of forestry on climate change (Heino Wolf)
- Norway spruce susceptibility to stress in lower altitudes: experiment introduction (Jakub Černý)
- The Soil Moisture Traffic Light – A web-based information system for the daily assessment of water availability in forests (Rainer Petzold, Alex Peters, Thi Thanh Luong, Rico Kronenberg, Henning Andreae)
- The forest protection situation in Saxony after four years of bark beetle calamity (Sven Sonnemann, Lutz-Florian Otto, Franz Matschulla)
- Massive dying of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forests in Czechia: current situation and research findings (František Lorenc, Miloš Knížek, Jan Liška, Adam Véle, Jan Lubojacký, Petr Zahradník)
- Assessment of damaged and disturbed areas by use of Copernicus data (Karina Hoffmann, Julian Backa)
- Wild ungulates population dynamics: Monitoring and possible solutions of population control (Jan Cukor, Lucie Hambálková, Vlastimil Skoták, Richard Ševčík)
- Fighting the African Swine Fever (ASF) in Saxony – Trapping of wild boars in the Saxon Sate Forest (Marco Horn, Arnd Schöndube, Klaus Polaczek)
- Genetic characterization of the red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) population structure in the Saxon Ore Mountains (Ute Tröber)
- Removal of logging residues on the clear-cut areas: a way to economic profit or to soil degradation? (Vít Šrámek, Věra Fadrhonsová, Kateřina Neudertová Hellebrandová, Radek Novotný)
- Latest news on surface water protection and nature conservation obstacles in municipal licensing of soil protection liming (Henning Andreae)
- Current research projects focused on silviculture (Jiří Novák, Jan Leugner, David Dušek, Dušan Kacálek)
- Modelling natural regeneration of beech and oaks