Popis článkuVýznam větrolamů a jejich ekosystémových služeb: review.
[The importance of windbreaks and their ecosystem services: review] 40-49
|Název článku:||Význam větrolamů a jejich ekosystémových služeb: review|
|Autor:||Tereza Červená, Jaroslav Hušbauer, Vilém Jarský, Luboš Červený, Anna Herrová, Václav Kupčák, Marcel Riedl|
Hedgerows and windbreaks are widespread agroforestry systems used worldwide, they are primarily established as a measure to reduce wind speed. The objective of this study is to synthesize information about the ecosystem services provided according to the main four ekosystém services such as provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services defined in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA 2005) and The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB 2010). The main potential of these linear plantings of trees and shrubs lies in providing services resulting in increased economic returns in agriculture and the prevention of soil erosion. Besides, the windbreaks also provide a large number of other services such as an increased biodiversity, carbon sequestration, improved soil and soil enriched with organic matter, climate regulation, water retention and others. Despite all these benefits, the use of agroforestry systems is still at a low level. To achieve the desired effect, the windbreak needs to be designed according to farmer’s needs. This paper synthesizes information on windbreaks, defines the role of woody plants in the agricultural landscape and proposes measures to increase the sustainability of agriculture in the multifunctional landscape. Similar assessments can serve as a basis for addressing issues of strategic importance.