Popis článkuEkonomické aspekty druhového složení první generace lesa na bývalé zemědělské půdě.
[Tree composition of first-generation forest on afforested agricultural land from economical viewpoint] 11 - 17.
|Název článku:||Ekonomické aspekty druhového složení první generace lesa na bývalé zemědělské půdě|
|Autor:||Jan Bartoš, František Šach, Dušan Kacálek, Vladimír Černohous|
The article summarises answers on questions where, what, with and how to do afforestation on abandoned agricultural land from economical point of view. It compares cost advantage of various afforestation projects from viewpoint of an owner in a highland in the Czech Republic. Owner´s wishes must be of course in accordance with legislation, which is a framework for local foresters taking responsibility for afforestation projects. Subsidy yield compared to particular afforestation costs is also considered for variation of afforestation plans. Cheaper planting and broadleaved tree species resulted in „free money“ derived from subsidy; it is left to owner use for both establishment and protection of plantations. Therefore, from short-term point of view, broadleaved trees seem to be more favourable. On the other hand a yield-comparative calculation between spruce and beech stands shows better profitability of spruce stands because of gross profit from major harvest. Besides, the spruce stand at the age of approximately 45 years situated on former agricultural land seems to grow exceeding expectations based on current yield tables. A growing stock was by 41% higher in comparison with that from yield tables.